UK is to elect Viscount Hanworth as a new member of the House of Lords. By-election is held, but the election is perfunctory under UK’s election system. Before 2007, members of the House of Lords are appointed from itself, and finally in 2007 House of Commons passed a law to require election for the member of the House of Lords.
Seems that the election system is against the principle of democracy, but some admit that there are some values in the upper house. The House of Lords is said to be the best place to hear the great speech, as the members are composed of people with deep / broad knowledge and high profession. The latest member is an economics professor at Leicester University. Though they have no power in policy making, the members sometimes work as a consultative body.